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IESD 与联合国环境署共同发布北京首都国际机场评估报告
发布时间 : 2017-12-08

        2017126日,第三届联合国环境大会期间,IESD与联合国环境规划署共同发布了《绿色机场:可持续发展之道——北京首都国际机场评估报告》。报告指出,北京首都机场积极推进绿色转型,营造绿色机场。2016年首都机场的机动车消耗汽油和柴油总量与2010年相比分别下降了45%和49%,二氧化碳排放总量与2014年相比下降了16%。而在2010至2016年间,首都机场的年客流量却增加了1000万人次。据悉,2016年首都机场客流量高达9439万人次,排名世界第二。此外,为应对北京长期缺水的问题,首都机场还着力提高用水效率,机场人均用水量从2012年的23.75升降低至2015年的21.24升。室内空气污染和污水处理方面,首都机场实现了100%污染达标处理,并采取创新措施,鼓励乘客进行垃圾分类和回收利用。

  报告建议,今后首都机场可着重增加可再生能源比例,并在减少垃圾总量和提高能效等方面采取措施。目前,首都机场的回收垃圾占比为20%,今后还可采取措施进一步提高。报告还建议首都机场加强与城市轨道交通的接驳。


6 December 2017, the Assessment Report on Beijing Capital Airport during the third United Nations Environment Assembly by IESD and UN Environment, indicating that Beijing Capital International Airport, China’s largest with 94.39 million passengers passing through in 2016, is making steady progress on greening its operations in order to build a Green Airport. It is assessed that the use of gasoline and diesel by airport vehicles declined 45 per cent and 49 per cent respectively between 2010 and 2016, while overall carbon dioxide emissions were cut by almost 16 per cent between 2014 and 2016. This is despite the airport adding roughly ten million annual passengers since 2010, a growth rate that is comparable to the increase in Beijing’s Gross Domestic Product. The airport is also increasing water-use efficiency to help cope with the chronic water shortage facing Beijing. The airport’s per-capita water consumption declined from 23.75 litres in 2012 to 21.24 litres in 2015, a reduction of 10.6 per cent. Performance in terms of indoor air quality and wastewater treatment is fully up to national standards, while efforts to encourage recycling among passengers are innovative.  


Further milestones could be achieved by ensuring that a greater share of electricity is sourced from renewable energy, waste volume is reduced and energy is recovered from incineration. The share of recyclable waste that is separated should be increased from the current level of 20 per cent. Steps could be undertaken to integrate the airport’s light rail with the city’s metro system.  

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